Everyone needs it, but not everyone gets
enough of it. It’s not sex; it’s sleep. Humans
are animals requiring sleep to continue the daily routine:
school, work, gym, internship, family, friends, and so
Sleep disorders are a highly common medical
issue that affects millions of people each year. While
some people suffer from mild sleeping problems, such
as the occasional nightmare, others have extremely severe
sleep disorders that can negatively affect their health
if left untreated.
At some point in life,
you are likely to suffer from lack of sleep. However,
while your lifestyle, work demands and family responsibilities
may keep you from getting the sleep you need, a
chronic lack of sleep can trigger the development
of serious conditions, including heart disease,
depression and hypertension. Common symptoms of
lack of sleep include fatigue, blurry vision and
In fact, 95 percent of people suffering
from a sleep disorder remain undiagnosed. This staggering
number means that a huge number of people aren’t
getting the treatment they need, putting them in danger
of permanently damaging their health.
Do you Wake
Doesn't feel Restorative ?
"In today’s “Health
Journal” column, Melinda Beck reports that many
people who think they are getting enough shut-eye may
actually be getting poor quality sleep, with not enough
of the restorative phases. The REM, or Rapid Eye Movement
phase, in which dreaming occurs, is crucial for preserving
memories, learning, creativity, problem solving and emotional
balance, while deep, or slow-wave sleep, when the body
releases human growth hormone, is necessary for physical
development and repair. However, both of these sleep
phases decline with age and are vulnerable to disruptions,
including caffeine, alcohol and anxiety (which
can even include anxiety about lack of sleep).
How do you know if you haven’t gotten
enough restorative sleep?
One tip-off is if you have trouble waking up in the morning and feel
excessively sleepy during the day". Source
Click to enlarge
Insomnia is a sleep problem that is defined
as inadequate or poor-quality sleep due to difficulty
falling asleep, difficulty staying asleep, waking up
too early and not being able to get back to sleep and/or
waking up feeling unrefreshed. According to NSF poll
data, insomnia is the most
common of all sleep problems and affects
approximately 58 percent of adults.
There data also show that while insomnia
affects people of nearly every demographic, it is especially
prevalent among elderly adults; sixty-seven percent of
older adults (age 65 and older) report that they have
trouble sleeping at least a few nights a week. Women,
who experience higher rates of anxiety and depression
and hormonal fluctuations associated with menstruation,
pregnancy and menopause, are also more likely to suffer
from insomnia than men, according to the National Institutes
Negative impact od jobs on
Sleep, shift workers are feeling the effects
of their schedules. A study
of 437 day workers and 246 rotating shift workers
at the Universidad de Buenos Aires in Argentina
found that shift workers have seriously lower
levels of serotonin, a hormone that plays a role
sleep and mood, than their day-working counterparts.
Unfortunately, lower levels of serotonin are
associated with anger, depression, and anxiety,
as well as
poor sleep. Another study, conducted by Harvard
Medical School—this one of more than 78,000
women who worked rotating night shifts over a 10-year
period—found that shift work significantly
increased a woman’s risk of breast cancer.
A second team of Harvard researchers studied
the same group, and they found that women who
worked a rotating night shift at least three
nights per month for 15 or more years had an
increased risk of colorectal cancer.
And a third team of Harvard researchers
studied more than 53,000 women who worked rotating
shifts and found that night work increased
the women’s risk of endometrial cancer
by 47 percent—and actually doubled the
risk of endometrial cancer in obese shift workers.
It’s this type of research that led
the World Health Organization late in 2007
to classify shift work as a “probable” cause
of cancer—a position that the American
Cancer Society indicates it is likely to follow
It’s a seemingly insignificant deficit, but
two hours of sleep loss, studies report, have the
same effect on your brain as knocking back two or
three 12-ounce beers. It’s also an amount that
week after week, year after year, may build up to
a huge effect.
Any condition in which your sleep doesn’t follow the typical
sleep phase cycle or doesn’t stay in one or more cycles for long
enough is a disrupted sleep disorder. Those who have disrupted sleep
tend to not only get less sleep but also to not experience as deep
of sleep. Unfortunately, this often means that these individuals don’t
reach the levels of sleep necessary to be considered “restorative
Give your Wife
or Mum the gift of sleep
That sleepless night that makes you grouchy
and tired the next day can be a killer — literally.
New research shows that getting less than 5
hours of sleep a night increases your risk
of death from cardiovascular disease. In a
study of 4,600 men and women aged 35 to 55,
researchers at University College London and
the University of Warwick in the United Kingdom
found that women who slept less than 8 hours
per night had a higher risk of dying from cardiovascular
disease than men. Differences in hormone levels
may play a role.
According to data recently published in
the journal Sleep, women who slept less than
5 hours per night had significantly higher
levels of the inflammatory markers that are
indicators for heart disease. Source
considerable amount of sleep-related behavior is
apparently hard-wired into human biology - humans
in all cultures get tired, require sleep for good
health, and have similar symptoms when sleep deprived
The body and brain require adequate hours
of sleep to perform optimally. Sleep deprivation is a
medical condition that affects the normal functioning
of the body and brain due to lack of sleep. Though it
is not considered a disorder, sleep deprivation can effect
general well-being. Problems like weak memory, hand-eye
co-ordination and reasoning abilities can surface during
bouts of sleep deprivation.
Indications of sleep deprivation include
drowsiness during the day, brief spells of sleep and
falling into sleep immediately after lying down. Sleep
deprivation needs to be addressed as prolonged periods
may affect the immune system
The long term consequences of sleep deprivation
affect the restorative functions of the body, decreasing
the quality of life. Symptoms for these sleep disorders
include the inability to fall asleep or stay asleep,
breathing or snoring problems, frequent awakenings, stops
in breathing during sleep, dozing off in day activities,
difficulty concentrating, excessive sleepiness, profuse
sweating, excessive limb movements during sleep, leg
cramps or “crawling” feelings, or abnormal
behavior at night. Despite the fact about 70 million
Americans suffer from a sleep disorder, many cases remain
allowing enough time for sleep
worry or stress
awakenings (noisy, loud roommates or neighbors)
time zones (frequent flyers)
illness causing pain, difficulty breathing, etc.
(asthma, flu, common cold, sports injury, etc.)
Sleep deprivation - As a cause of death,
Sleep deprivation - As a cause of depression, Sleep deprivation
- As a cause of diabetes, Sleep deprivation - As a cause
of obesity, Sleep deprivation - Effects on growth, Sleep
deprivation - Effects on the brain, Sleep deprivation
- Impairment of ability,
During sleep, our bodies perform a number
of functions which are triggered by the night-time hormone
called melatonin. This hormone slows down the body’s
respiratory system, and clears our cells of toxins. So
when we do not get the sleep at night, this hormone is
not activated, and we become more susceptible to various
Prolonged periods of sleep deprivation
can lead to memory loss, nausea and a weaker immune system.
Sleep deprived persons are also known to succumb to delirium, hallucinations, nausea, alcoholism, involuntary
rapid eye movement, slurred
Sleep deprivation also affects our ability
to perform physical tasks. Workers on night shift show
not just declining performance but also difficulty in
comprehending commands. Physical symptoms include awkwardness
in walking, picking up and lifting objects.
One of the serious consequences of sleep
deprivation is on the body’s ability to absorb
glucose, leading to Type
2 diabetes. As serious is the impact on the functioning
of the brain. Studies have proved that inadequate sleep
disease and mental ailments like bipolar disorder and
psychosis have been linked to sleep deprivation. Rapid
eye movement (REM) is also believed to aggravate clinical
depression in affected persons. As for children, inadequate
sleep is often the reason for their irritability and
display of violent moods.
waking up on time Falling
asleep or getting extremely sleepy during activities
such as driving
show that 85 percent of police officers, 80 percent
of regional pilots, and 48 percent of air-traffic
controllers nod off on the job. And a frightening
41 percent of medical workers admit they’ve
made fatigue-related errors. In one survey alone,
19 percent report “worsening” a patient’s
condition. What’s more, the Exxon Valdez
grounding, the space shuttle Challenger accident,
and the Three Mile Island nuclear accident have
all been blamed, at least in part, on fatigue
related to sleep loss.
hard time staying awake
Needing a day-time nap
Short-term memory loss
A 2001 study at Chicago Medical Institute suggested
that sleep deprivation may be linked to more serious
diseases, such as heart disease and mental illnesses
including psychosis and bipolar disorder. The
link between sleep deprivation and psychosis (psychiatric
disorders) was further documented in 2007 through
a study at Harvard Medical School and the University
of California at Berkeley. The study revealed,
using MRI scans, that lack of sleep causes the
brain to become incapable of putting an emotional
event into the proper perspective and incapable
of making a controlled, suitable response to the
It has long been suspected that sleep deprivation can have significant
effect on mood. Many of us feel irritable and distractible if we haven’t
slept enough, and you may have had the experience of being up all night
and feeling a little bit “high” in the morning. It has
also been known for centuries that mood disorders are very commonly
associated with sleep disturbances, and sleep disturbance is often
the first sign that someone with mood problems is running into trouble.
So mood and sleep must be linked in some way.
circles under the eyes, aching muscles, dizziness,
headaches, hyperactivity and hypertension are other
symptoms sleep deprived persons are know to suffer
effects When you are suffering from insomnia,
the physical effects of sleep deprivation include
exhaustion, fatigue and a general lack of energy.
These might seem somewhat obvious, but it then
translates into even bigger problems, such
as emotional instability, mood swings, stress,
pessimism, and anger. Recent studies have shown
that those who are too tired to drive have
the same characteristics as those who have
a high blood alcohol level, and another study
found that those who feel like they are going
to fall asleep are actually worse drivers than
those who get behind the wheel when they are
drunk. These effects include slow mental capacity,
being tired at intermittent times, cramps on
your muscles, and an inability to focus or
concentrate on tasks. Among the physical effects
of sleep deprivation that are the worst is
the inability for the body to metabolize glucose.
This results in physical effects that are similar
to aging and diabetes in its early stages.
Being sleep deprived on a regular basis can
decrease the stretchiness of your skin, which
can lead to wrinkles. Your skin's pigment can
also change if you don't get enough sleep.
In addition, your eyesight can suffer, and you can get those dark circles under your eyes.
Some people who have not gotten enough rest
even suffer from color blindness.
A 1999 study found that sleep deprivation
resulted in reduced cortisol secretion the next
day, driven by increased subsequent slow-wave sleep.
Sleep deprivation was found to enhance activity
on the Hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis (which
controls reactions to stress and regulates body
functions such as digestion, the immune system,
mood, sex, or energy usage) while suppressing growth
hormones. The results supported previous studies,
which observed adrenal insufficiency in idiopathic
2005, a study of over 1400 participants showed that participants
who habitually slept few hours were more likely to have
associations with Diabetes Type 2
on the brain Sleep
deprivation can adversely affect brain function.
A 2000 study, by the UCSD School of Medicine and the
Veterans Affairs Healthcare System in San Diego, used
also functional magnetic resonance imaging technology
to monitor activity in the brains of sleep-deprived subjects
performing simple verbal learning tasks. The study
showed that regions of the brain's prefrontal cortex
displayed more activity in sleepier subjects. Depending
on the task at hand, the brain would sometimes attempt
to compensate for the adverse effects caused by lack
on growth Loss of sleep may serve to decrease nocturnal
IL-6 levels, with effects on the integrity of immune
system functioning. Alternatively, given the association
between sleep stages and IL-6 levels, depressed or aged
populations who show increased amounts of REM sleep and
a relative loss of slow wave sleep may have elevated
nocturnal concentrations of IL-6 with implications for
inflammatory disease risk. Source Effects
on the healing process Without proper sleep, the body can not
recovery and rejuvenate for the next day. Sleep
deprivation is a stress induced complication
but can also lead to additional stress upon the
body. For individuals who suffer from injury,
sleep deprivation can have an adverse affect
on the healing and recovery process.source
A 2000 study by the UCSD School of Medicine and the Veterans Affairs
Healthcare System in San Diego, used functional magnetic resonance
imaging (fMRI) technology to monitor activity in the brains of sleep-deprived
subjects performing simple verbal learning tasks. The study showed
that regions of the brain’s prefrontal cortex (PFC) displayed
more activity in sleepier subjects. Depending on the task at hand,
in some cases the brain attempts to compensate for the adverse effects
caused by lack of sleep.
Research by Warwick Medical School at the University of Warwick has
found that sleep deprivation is associated with an almost a two-fold
increased risk of being obese for both children and adults.Source
A University of California, San Diego, psychiatry study of more than
one million adults found that people who live the longest self-report
sleeping for six to seven hours each night. Another study of sleep
duration and mortality risk in women showed similar results. Other
studies show that "sleeping more than 7 to 8 hours per day has
been consistently associated with increased mortality,"
Gift of Sleep
time to fall asleep, increases time spent in deepest
sleep and, the amount of time in bed, spent asleep.
It also reduces confusion and bewilderment and increases
IQ in recovering addicts.
Studies discovered that while Cranial Electrotherapy
does not always"put a person to sleep", it
does accomplish some very therapeutic changes in the
sleep patterns of people who complain of insomnia.
The studies below show that whether measured by the patient's
own ratings, psychiatrists ratings or by electroencephalograph
or polygraph recordings before and after Cranial Electrotherapy
treatments, the following effects of CES in insomnia
can be expected:
Sleep onset latency is reduced. That is, once a person
has retired for the evening, the amount of time it takes
him to actually fall asleep is reduced from one to two
hours or more to the more normal twenty minutes or less.
The number of awakenings during the night are reduced.
That is, while most insomniacs awaken three or more times
during the night and have difficulty falling asleep again,
those treated with Cranial Electrotherapy typically awaken
no more than once or twice following therapy, with most
reporting no awakenings. Furthermore, after awakening,
they return to sleep much more promptly than before
Cranial Electrotherapy treated patients spend more time
in stage four sleep following CES treatments. That is,
patients spend more time in the deepest, most restful
stage of sleep than they did prior to Cranial Electrotherapy
treatment. It should be noted that some patients who
have deprived themselves of REM sleep - the stage during
which dreaming occurs - by taking drugs or alcohol as
a sleeping aid, sometimes spend the first two or three
nights in unusually vivid dream states when first starting
CES treatments. This is considered another indication
of the therapeutic effectiveness of Cranial Electrotherapy
in that persons are known to become increasingly disorganized
mentally, some even to the point of psychotic-like symptoms,
when they do not engage in the normal amount of dreaming.
Finally, it was discovered that many patients receiving
Cranial Electrotherapy treatments report feeling more
rested when they awaken in the morning following Cranial
Treatment parameters: While
some patients begin to respond after the second or
third day of treatment, others do not have their best
response with fewer than 24 days of treatments lasting
from 15 minutes to 1 hour. The beneficial effects have
been measured in some experimental groups for as long
as two years. Some people with insomnia have a habitual
pattern of responding to situational stress with an
interruption in their sleep patterns. The best results
are obtained when Cranial Electrotherapy is used each
time unusual stressors occur in their life situations
that would ordinarily cause poor sleep. The Cranial
Electrotherapy device user is thereby trained over
time to expect a good night's sleep no matter what
stressful interruptions occurred in the normal flow
of daily life.
Built in Sleep Programs
Just clip it on your Ear lobes sit back
close your eyes and enjoy
Takes you down into Delta holds you
there for 10 mins then brings you back up
Takes you down to 5hz then lets your drop off naturaly
Takes you way down to 0.05 hz very low delta your
body will do the rest
Feeling Drowsey need to wake up, become more alert
Fully portable with Rechargable batteries included
The gift of Sleep
Click picture for Driver Specs
field Generator Head Set and Driver for the
Sleep mate Make your sleep mate Even more
Also fit the BT systems
Sheng Wu Yi Xue Gong Cheng Xue Za Zhi.
2004 Apr;21(2):219-24. Related Articles, Links [Study
on the influence of simulative EEG modulation magnetic
field on the discharge of median raphe nuclei]
Wang M, Li Y, Wang X, Guo M.
College of Precision Instrument and Opto-electronics
Engineering, Tianjin University, Tianjin 300072, China.
In this paper the response characteristic
of the nerve fiber to the modulation magnetic field induction
is studied by using the method of numeric simulation.
It is found that the nerve fiber is sensitive to the
low frequency modulated signal but not to the high frequency
carrier wave. A simulative EEG signal generator is developed
according to the change of EEG rhythm during the sleep.
The simulative EEG square wave is modulated by high-frequency
magnetic impulse. The modulation magnetic field is coupled
into the rabbit's brain to study the influence of magnetic
stimulation on the discharge of 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT)
nerve cell. The experiment results demonstrate that discharge
frequency of median raphe nuclei related to sleep changes
significantly and the discharge becomes slow, which shows
that magnetic stimulation can inhibit electrical activity
of 5-HT nerve cell and provide a new way to improve insomnia.
Effects of low energy emission therapy in chronic psychophysiological
Pasche B, Erman M, Hayduk R, Mitler MM,
Reite M, Higgs L, Kuster N, Rossel C, Dafni U, Amato
D, Barbault A, Lebet JP.
Symtonic USA, Inc., New York, New York
The treatment of chronic psychophysiological
insomnia presents a challenge that has not been met using
currently available pharmacotherapy. Low energy emission
therapy (LEET) has been developed as a potential alternative
therapy for this disorder. LEET consists of amplitude-modulated
electromagnetic fields delivered intrabuccally by means
of an electrically conducting mouthpiece in direct contact
with the oral mucosa. The effect of LEET on chronic psychophysiological
insomnia was assessed with polysomnography (PSG) and
sleep rating forms on a total of 106 patients at two
different centers. Active or inactive LEET was administered
for 20 minutes in late afternoon three times a week for
a total of 12 treatments. Primary efficacy endpoints
evaluating the results were changes from baseline in
PSG-assessed total sleep time (TST) and sleep latency
(SL). Secondary endpoints were changes in sleep efficiency
(SE), sleep stages, and reports by the subjects of SL
and TST. There was a significant increase in TST as assessed
by PSG between baseline and post-treatment values for
the active treatment group (76.0 +/- 11.1 minutes, p
= 0.0001). The increase for the inactive treatment group
was not statistically significant. The TST improvement
was significantly greater for the active group when compared
to the inactive group (adjusted for baseline TST; p =
0.020. R1 = 0.20). There was a significant decrease in
SL as assessed by PSG between baseline and post-treatment
values for the active treatment group (-21.6 +/- 5.9
minutes, p = 0.0006), whereas the decrease noted for
the inactive treatment group was not statistically significant.
The difference in SL decrease between the two treatment
groups was marginally significant (adjusted for baseline
SL and center, p = 0.068, R2 = 0.60). The number of sleep
cycles per night increased by 30% after active treatment
(p = 0.0001) but was unchanged following inactive treatment.
Subjects did not experience rebound insomnia, and there
were no significant side effects. The data presented
in this report indicate that LEET administered for 20
minutes three times a week increased TST and reduced
SL in chronic psychophysiological insomnia. LEET is safe
and well tolerated and it effectively improved the sleep
of chronic insomniacs given 12 treatments over a 4-week
period by increasing the number of sleep cycles without
altering the percentage of the various sleep stages during
the night. The therapeutic action of LEET differs from
that of currently available drug therapies in that the
sleep pattern noted in insomniacs following LEET treatment
more closely resembles nocturnal physiological sleep.
This novel treatment may offer an attractive alternative
therapy for chronic insomnia.
Sleep inducing effect of low energy emission therapy.
Reite M, Higgs L, Lebet JP, Barbault A,
Rossel C, Kuster N, Dafni U, Amato D, Pasche B.
Department of Psychiatry, University of
Colorado Health Sciences Center, Denver.
The sleep inducing effect of a 15 min treatment
with either an active or an inactive Low Energy Emission
Therapy (LEET) device emitting amplitude-modulated electromagnetic
(EM) fields was investigated in a double-blind cross-over
study performed on 52 healthy subjects. All subjects
were exposed to both active and inactive LEET treatment
sessions, with an interval of at least 1 week between
the two sessions. LEET consists of 27.12 MHz amplitude-modulated
(sine wave) EM fields emitted intrabuccally by means
of an electrically conducting mouthpiece in direct contact
with the oral mucosa. The estimated local peak SAR is
less than 10 W/kg in the oral mucosa and 0.1 to 100 mW/kg
in brain tissue. No appreciable sensation is experienced
during treatment, and subjects are therefore unable to
tell whether they are receiving an active or an inactive
treatment. In this study the active treatment consisted
of EM fields intermittently amplitude-modulated (sine
wave) at 42.7 Hz for 3 s followed by a pause of 1 s during
which no EM fields were emitted. During the inactive
treatment no EM fields were emitted. Baseline EEGs were
obtained and 15 min post-treatment EEGs were recorded
and analyzed according to the Loomis classification.
A significant decrease (paired t test) in sleep latency
to stage B2 (-1.78 +/- 5.57 min, P = 0.013), and an increase
in the total duration of stage B2 (1.15 +/- 2.47 min,
P = 0.0008) were observed on active treatment as compared
with inactive treatment.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
[Health status of the workers exposed to strong, constant magnetic
[Article in Polish]
Lankosz J, Tokarz J, Weselucha P, Ochmanski
W, Gzyl E, Barbaro B, Gatarski J, Drozdzewicz L, Kielar
Forty two workers underwent examinations
under clinical conditions. The workers were affected
by the magnetic field of intensities ranging between
112-190 Gauss, depending on the workplace. They underwent
internal, ophthalmological, psychological, psychiatric
and analytical examinations and the health status of
those exposed was compared to that of twenty controls.
Most subjects, mainly those of long length of employment
in e-m fields exposure, exhibited nonspecific abdominal
pains, general weakness, insomnia, increased thirst and
PMID: 6865739 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Entrez-PubMed is a search and retrieval system that integrates information
from databases at U.S. National Center of Biotechnology Information;
the National Library of Medicine and the National Institutes of Health.
Dtsch Med Wochenschr 2002 Apr 19;127(16):872
Sleep disorders caused by electrosmog?
Klinikum, Thiemstrasse 111, 03048 Cottbus.
Adv Ther. 2001 Jul-Aug;18(4):174-80.
Impulse magnetic-field therapy for insomnia: a double-blind, placebo-controlled
Pelka RB, Jaenicke C, Gruenwald J.
Universitat der Bundeswehr Munchen Neubiberg/Munich, Germany.
70% (n = 34) of the patients given active treatment experienced substantial
or even complete relief of their complaints; 24% (n = 12) reported
clear improvement; 6% (n = 3) noted a slight improvement.
J Neuropsychiatry Clin Neurosci. 2002 Summer;14(3):270-6.
Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation treatment of comorbid
posttraumatic stress disorder and major depression.
Rosenberg PB, Mehndiratta RB, Mehndiratta YP, Wamer A, Rosse RB, Balish
Mental Health Service Line, Department of Veterans Affairs Medical
Center, Washington, DC 20422, USA.
Seventy-five percent of the patients had a clinically significant antidepressant
response after rTMS, and 50% had sustained response at 2-month follow-up.
Comparable improvements were seen in anxiety, hostility, and insomnia,
but only minimal improvement in PTSD symptoms. Left frontal cortical
rTMS may have promise for treating depression in PTSD, but there may
be a dissociation between treating mood and treating core PTSD symptoms.
about 100 tms/rtms studies at rTMS/TMS
Crit Rev Biomed Eng. 2001;29(1):125-33
Investigation of brain potentials in sleeping humans exposed to the
electromagnetic field of mobile phones.
Lebedeva NN, Sulimov AV, Sulimova OP, Korotkovskaya TI, Gailus T.
Institute of Higher Nerve Activity and Neurophysiology, Russian Academy
Clin Neurophysiol. 2000 Nov;111(11):1936-41.
Nocturnal magnetic field exposure: gender-specific effects on heart
rate variability and sleep.
Graham C, Sastre A, Cook MR, Gerkovich MM.
Midwest Research Institute, 425 Volker Boulevard, Kansas City, MO 64110,
Med Hypotheses 2000 Apr;54(4):630-3
The effects of natural and man-made electromagnetic fields on mood
and behavior: the role of sleep disturbances.
The author further suggests that the development of sleep abnormalities
in persons exposed to artificial electromagnetic fields may predict
the onset of a psychiatric disorder at a later time and that early
intervention may prevent the onset of a psychiatric disease.
J Sleep Res. 1999 Mar;8(1):77-81.
A 50-Hz electromagnetic field impairs sleep.
Akerstedt T, Arnetz B, Ficca G, Paulsson LE, Kallner A.
National Institute for Psychosocial Factors and Health, Karolinska
Institute, Stockholm, Sweden.
Int J Neurosci. 1991 Aug;59(4):259-62.
Age-related disruption of circadian rhythms: possible relationship
to memory impairment and implications for therapy with magnetic fields.
Sandyk R, Anninos PA, Tsagas N.
Department of Psychiatry, Albert Einstein College of Medicine/Montefiore
Medical Center, Bronx, NY 10461.
Sleep. 1996 May;19(4):327-36.
Effects of low energy emission therapy in chronic psychophysiological
Pasche B, Erman M, Hayduk R, Mitler MM, Reite M, Higgs L, Kuster N,
Rossel C, Dafni U, Amato D, Barbault A, Lebet JP.
The number of sleep cycles per night increased by 30% after active
treatment (p = 0.0001) but was unchanged following inactive treatment.
Subjects did not experience rebound insomnia, and there were no significant
side effects. The data presented in this report indicate that LEET
administered for 20 minutes three times a week increased TST and reduced
SL in chronic psychophysiological insomnia. LEET is safe and well tolerated
and it effectively improved the sleep of chronic insomniacs given 12
treatments over a 4-week period by increasing the number of sleep cycles
without altering the percentage of the various sleep stages during
the night. The therapeutic action of LEET differs from that of currently
available drug therapies in that the sleep pattern noted in insomniacs
following LEET treatment more closely resembles nocturnal physiological
sleep. This novel treatment may offer an attractive alternative therapy
for chronic insomnia.
Bioelectromagnetics. 1994;15(1):67-75. Related Articles, Links
Sleep inducing effect of
low energy emission therapy.
Reite M, Higgs L, Lebet JP, Barbault A, Rossel C, Kuster N, Dafni U,
Amato D, Pasche B.
Department of Psychiatry, University of Colorado Health Sciences Center,
The sleep inducing effect of a 15 min treatment with either an active
or an inactive Low Energy Emission Therapy (LEET) device emitting amplitude-modulated
electromagnetic (EM) fields was investigated in a double-blind cross-over
study performed on 52 healthy subjects. A significant decrease (paired
t test) in sleep latency to stage B2 (-1.78 +/- 5.57 min, P = 0.013),
and an increase in the total duration of stage B2 (1.15 +/- 2.47 min,
P = 0.0008) were observed on active treatment as compared with inactive
Med Pr. 1983;34(1):65-73.
[Health status of the workers exposed to strong, constant magnetic
[Article in Polish]
Lankosz J, Tokarz J, Weselucha P, Ochmanski W, Gzyl E, Barbaro B, Gatarski
J, Drozdzewicz L, Kielar I.
Forty two workers underwent examinations under clinical conditions.
Most subjects, mainly those of long length of employment in e-m fields
exposure, exhibited nonspecific abdominal pains, general weakness,
insomnia, increased thirst and conjunctivitis.
PMID: 6865739 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Cesk Neurol Neurochir. 1976 Jan;39(1):1-11. Related Articles, Links
[Use of magnetic fields and electronic noise in the treatment of insomnia
[Article in Czech]
PMID: 1082800 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Arch Mal Prof. 1971 Oct-Nov;32(10):679-83. Related Articles, Links
[Study of biological disturbances in O.R.T.F. technicians in some high-frequency
[Article in French]
Wang M, Li Y, Wang X, Guo M. Related Articles,
[Study on the influence of simulative EEG modulation magnetic field
on the discharge of median raphe nuclei]
Sheng Wu Yi Xue Gong Cheng Xue Za Zhi. 2004 Apr;21(2):219-24. Chinese.
PMID: 15143544 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
2: Jouvet M. Related Articles, Links
Sleep and serotonin: an unfinished story.
Neuropsychopharmacology. 1999 Aug;21(2 Suppl):24S-27S. Review.
PMID: 10432485 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
3: Ootsuka Y, Blessing WW. Related Articles, Links
Activation of slowly conducting medullary raphe-spinal neurons, including
serotonergic neurons, increases cutaneous sympathetic vasomotor discharge
Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol. 2005 Apr;288(4):R909-18. Epub
2004 Nov 18.
PMID: 15550616 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
4: Puizillout JJ, Gaudin-Chazal G, Sayadi A, Vigier D. Related Articles,
Serotoninergic mechanisms and sleep.
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